#### First Year 1st Semester

Course Title: Functional Mathematics – I

Course Code: MATH-301

Course Credit Hours: 3(3+0)

Prerequisites: None

Matrices: Introduction to matrices, types, matrix inverse, determinants, system of linear equations, Cramer’s rule.

Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations, qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations, equations reducible to quadratic equations, cube roots of unity, relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations.

Sequences and series: Arithmetic progression, geometric progression, harmonic progression.

Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction, binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices.

Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. Integration by substitution, integration by parts, change of variable in indefinite integrals.

Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable of polynomial, rational and transcendental functions, derivatives.

Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry, trigonometric identities.

Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coordinate mesh, slope of a line, equation of line, parallel and perpendicular lines, angle between two lines, distance between two points and a line.

Conic Section: Circle, Equation of a circle, Parabola, Equation of Parabola, ellipse, Equation of Ellipse, hyperbola, the equation of Hyperbola.

#### Text Books

- Dolciani MP, Wooton W. Beckenback EF, Sharron S. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry, 1978. Houghton & Mifflin, boston (Suggested Text).
- Kaufmann JE, College Algebra and Trigonometry. 1987. PWS-Kent Company, Boston.
- Anton H, Bevens I, Davis S, Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition), 2005. John Wiley, New York.
- Swokowski EW, Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition), 1986, PWS-Kent Company Boston.
- Thomas GB, Finney AR, Calculus (11th edition), 2005, Addison-Wesley, Reading, Ma, USA.
- Abraham S, Analytic Geometry, Scott, Freshman and Company, 1969.

Course Title: Introduction to Soil Science

Course Code: SS-301

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Objectives and Learning Outcome

This course introduces the concepts of soil science for agriculture students at under-graduate level. The students will be able to understand soil properties and their relationship with crop production and environment.

#### Course Contents

- Definition of earth, geology and soil science; Disciplines of soil science
- Factors and processes of soil formation
- Soil forming rocks and minerals and types of parent material
- Soil profile description
- Physical, chemical and biological properties of soil
- Soil classification and land use capability classes
- Soil organic matter: Sources, composition and decomposition
- Soil Fertility: Essential plant nutrients, organic and inorganic sources
- Salt-affected and waterlogged soils
- Soil and water conservation
- Soil and water pollution

#### Practical

- Soil sampling and handling
- Preparation of saturated soil paste and measurement of pHs and ECe
- Determination of soil water contents
- Determination of bulk density and total porosity
- Soil texture: feel and hydrometer methods
- Irrigation water analysis and interpretation
- Identification and calculation of nutrient percentage from fertilizer
- Determination of soil organic matter

#### Recommanded Books

- Bashir, E. and R. Bantel. 2001. Soil Science. National Book Foundation, Islamabad, Pakistan.
- Brady, N.C. and R.R. Weil. 2007. The Nature and Properties of Soils. 14th Ed. Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA.
- Brady, N.C. and R.R. Weil. 2009. Elements of the Nature and Properties of Soils. 3rd Ed. Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA.
- Das, D.K. 2011. Introductory Soil Science. 3rd ed. Kalyani Publ. New Delhi-110002, India
- Hillel, D. 2008. Soil in the Environment: Crucible of Terrestrial Life. Elsevier Inc., Burlington, MA, USA. Singer, M.J. and D.N. Munns. 2002. Soils- An Introduction. 5th Ed. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA.

Course Title: Basic Agriculture

Course Code: AGR-301

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Objectives

To provide the basic knowledge and background about Pakistan’s Agriculture.

#### Theory

Agriculture, concept, history and importance; Branches and allied sciences in agriculture; Salient features and problems of Pakistan’s agriculture; Climate, weather and seasons of Pakistan, their major characteristics and impact on crop production; Land resources and their utilization; Crop nutrition; Water resources, surface and ground water, canal system; Agro –ecological zones of Pakistan; Farming system; Agro-based industries.

#### Practical

Land measuring units; Demonstration of hand tools and tillage implements; Identification of meteorological instruments; Identification of crop plant, weeds and seeds; Identification of organic and inorganic fertilizers; Calculation of nutrient-cum-fertilizer unit value; Demonstration of various irrigation methods; Field visits.

#### Recommanded Books

- Abbas, M.A. 2006. General Agriculture. Emporium Urdu Bazar, Lahore.
- Balasubramaniyan, 2004. Principles and Practices of Agronomy. Agrobios, Jodhpur, India.
- Khalil, I.A. and Jan. 2002. Cropping Technology. National Book Foundation, Islamabad.
- Khan S.R.A. 2001. Crop Management in Pakistan with Focus on Soil and Water. Directorate of Agricultural Information, Punjab, Lahore.
- Nazir, M.S., E. Bashir and R. Bantel. (Eds.) 1994. Crop Production. National Book Foundation, Islamabad.
- Qureshi, M.A. M.A. Zia and M.S. Qureshi. 2006. Pakistan Agriculture Management and Development. A-One Publisher, Urdu Bazar, Lahore.

Course Title: Introductory Entomology

Course Code: ENT-301

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Learning outcomes

The students would be able to:

- Know about arthropods and especially insects with their morphological features
- Identify insects of economic importance and acquire working skills for collecting, mounting, and preserving insects.

#### Theory

Introduction; phylum Arthropoda and its classification; morphology, anatomy and physiology of a typical insects, metamorphosis and its types; insect classification, salient characters of insect orders; examples from major families of economic importance.

#### Practical

Characters of classes of Arthropoda; collection and preservation of insects; morphology and dissection of a typical insect (digestive, reproductive, excretory, nervous, circulatory and tracheal systems); temporary mounts of different types of appendages of insects.; Observations for types of metamorphosis.

#### Recommanded Books

- Ahmad, I. 2010. Hashriat “Insects”, National Book Foundation, Lahore.
- Awastheir, V.B. 2009, Introduction to General and Applied Entomology, Scientific Publisher, Jodhpur, India.
- Dhaliwal, G.S. 2007. An Outline of Entomology, Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana.
- Elzinga, R.J. 2003. Fundamentals of Entomology, Prentice Hall.
- Gullan, P.J. and P.S. Cranston. 2010. The insects: An Outline of Entomology, 4th edition, Wiley-Blackwell, A. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Publication, U.K.
- Lohar, M.K. 2001. Introductory Entomology, Department of Entomology, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Sindh, Pakistan.
- Richards, O.W. and Davies, R.G. 2004. Imm’s General Tex-book of Entomology, Vol.I, and II, 10th Ed. Chapman & Hall, London, N.Y.
- Romoser, W.S. and Stoffolano, J.G. 1998. The Science of Entomology, WCB McGraw Hill.
- Triplenhorn, C.A. and Jhonson, N.F. 2005. Borror and Delong’s Introduction to the study of Insects. Brooks Cole. 7th Ed.
- Trigumayat, M.M. 2009. A Manual of Practical Entomology. 2nd Edition Scientific Publisher (India) Judhpur.
- Yousuf, M. Tayyab, M. and Shazia, Y. 2007. Manual of Introductory Entomology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad.
- Pedigo, L.P. and Marlin, E.R. 2009. Entomology and Pest Management, 6th edition. Person Education Inc., Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458, U.S.A.

Course Title: English Text Grammar & Composition

Course Code: ENG-301

Course Credit Hours: 2(2+0)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Basic of Grammar, Parts of speech and use of articles. Sentence structure, active and passive, voice, practice in unified sentence, Analysis of phrase, clause and sentence structure, Transitive and intransitive verbs, Punctuation and spelling.

**Comprehension:**Answer to questions on a given text.

**Discussion:**General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students).

**Listening**To be improved by showing documentaries carefully selected by subject teachers.

**Translation skills**

**Paragraph writing:**Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher

**Presentation skills:**Introduction

#### Recommanded Books

- Practical English Grammar by A.J. Thomson and A.V. Martinet. Exercise 1. Third edition, Oxford University Pres. 1997. ISBN 0194313492.
- Practical English Grammar by A.J. Thomson and A.V. Martinet. Exercises 2. Third edition, Oxford University Pres. 1997. ISBN 0194313506.
- Writing. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin, Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Fourth Impression 1993. ISBN 0194354057 Pages 20-27 and 35-41.
- Reading. Upper Intermediate. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Third Impression 1992. ISBN 019453402 2.

Course Title: Introduction to Agriculture Education Extension

Course Code: AEE-301

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

The historical review of Agricultural Education Extension; The concept, meaning, principles, and objectives of Agril. Education Extension; Role of Agril. Education Extension in Rural development; Role of Extension worker in Agril. Development; Approaches to Agril. Education Extension; Nature of Agril. Education Extension; Role of teacher/local leader; Importance of women in Rural development; Contribution of Agril. Education Extension and deficiencies in the present Extension system; Introduction to Extension System in Pakistan; Extension teaching methods; Motivation.

#### Practical

class; field trip, farm visits, collection of data; interview from different organizations involved in rural development; Report writing, presentation; preparation of organizational charts.

#### Recommanded Books

- E. Bashir (Ed.) Extension Methods; National Book Foundation, Islamabad.
- FAO Manual. Improving Agricultural Extension in Development Countries. FAO, Rome.

Course Title: Islamic Studies / Ethical Behavior

Course Code: IS/EB-301

Course Credit Hours: 2(2+0)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

**Introduction to Quranic Studies: **Basic concepts of Quran, History of Quran, Uloom-ul-Quran.

**Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran: **Verses of Surah Al-Baqra related to Faith (Verse No-284-286), Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No. 1-18), Verse of Surah Al-Mumanoon related to characteristics of faithful (Verse No. 1-11), Verse of Surah l-Furqan related to Social Ethics (Verse No. 63-77), Verses of Surah Al-Inam related to Ihkam (Verse No. 152-154).

**Introduction to Quranic Studies: **Basic concepts of Quran, History of Quran, Uloom-ul-Quran.

**Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran: **Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No. 6,21,40,56,57,58), Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18,19,20) related to thinking, Day of Judgment, Verses of Surah Al-Saf related to Tafakar, Tadabar (Verse No. 1,14).

**Serat of Holy Prophet (S.A.W): **Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah (Before Prophet Hood), life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Makkah, Important lessons derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah. Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Madina, Important events of life Holy Prophet in Madina, Important lesson derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina.

**Introduction to Sunnah: **Basic concepts of Hadith, history of Hadith, Kinds of Hadith, Uloom-ul-Hadith, Sunnah& Hadith and legal position of Sunnah.

**Introduction to Quranic Studies: **Basic concepts of Quran, History of Quran, Uloom-ul-Quran.

**Islam and Science: **Basic concept of Islam & Science, contribution of Muslims in the development of science.

**Islamic Economic System: **Basic concepts of Islamic Economic System Means of distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics, Islamic concept of Riba, Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce.

#### First Year 2nd Semester

Course Title: Introductory Horticulture

Course Code: HORT-302

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Introduction, history, importance and future scope, Definition and divisions of horticulture, Classification of horticultural crops, Plant parts, their modifications and functions, Plant environment; climate (temperature, light, humidity etc) and soil (structure, texture, fertility etc.), Phases of plant growth, Propagation of horticultural plants.

#### Practical

Visit of nurseries, commercial gardens and public parks. Identification and nomenclature of important fruits, vegetables and ornamental plants; Garden tools and their uses, Media and its preparation. Techniques of propagation.

#### Recommanded Books

- Chadha, K.L. 2006. Handbook of Horticulture (6th Ed.). ICAR, New Delhi, India.
- Christopher, E. P. 2012. Introductory Horticulture. Biotech books, new Dehli, India.
- Carrol,L., J.R.Shry and H.E. Reily. 2011. Introductory Horticulture (8th Ed.) Delmar-Thomson Learning , Albany, USA
- Hartmann, H.T., D.E. Kester, E.T. Davies and R.L. Geneve. 2009. Plant Propagation–Principles and Practices (7th Ed.). Prentice-Hall India Learning Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India.
- Malik, M.N. 1994. Horticulture. National Book Foundations, Islamabad.
- Peter, K.V. 2009. Basics of Horticulture. New India publishing Agency, New Dehli, India.
- Reiley, H.E., C.L. Shry (Jr). 2004. Introductory Horticulture (6th Ed.). Delmar- Thomson Learning, Albany, USA.
- Reddy, R. and Shanker J.P.A. 2008.Horticulture.Commonwealth Publishers.
- Sharma, R.R. 2002. Propagation of Horticultural Crops: Principles and Practices. Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana, New Delhi, India.

Course Title: Introduction to Plant Pathogens

Course Code: PP-302

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: Biology (Higher Secondary level)

#### Theory

Introduction and history of plant pathology; basic characteristics of fungi, bacteria, viruses and nematodes; concept of disease in plants; economic importance of plant diseases; nature and cause of (biotic and abiotic) diseases; components of plant disease development; diagnosis of plant diseases; principles of plant disease management; Introduction to IDM and IPM; symptoms, etiology, mode of infection, disease cycle and management of representative diseases of agricultural and horticultural crops.

#### Practical

Demonstration of lab equipment’s and reagents; collection, preservation and identification of plant diseases based on symptoms; isolation and inoculation techniques; demonstration of Koch’s postulates.

#### Recommanded Books

- Agrios, G.N. 2005. Plant Pathology, 5th edition, Academic Press, New York, USA.
- Ahmad, I. and A.R. Bhutta. 2005. A Text Book of Introductory Plant Pathology. Published by National Book Foundation, Islamabad, Pakistan.
- Chaube, H.S. and R. Singh. 2002. Introductory Plant Pathology. International Book Distributing Co.
- Hafiz, A. 1986. Plant Diseases. Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, Islamabad, Pakistan.
- Mathew, J.D. 2003. Molecular Plant Pathology. Bios Scientific Publishers Ltd. UK.
- Mehrotra, R.S. and A. Agarwal. 2003. Plant Pathology, 2nd Edition. TATA McGraw-Hill. Pub. Company Ltd. New Delhi.
- Sambamurty, A.V.S.S. 2006. A Text Book of Plant Pathology. I.K. International Pvt. Ltd.
- Strange, R.N. 2003. Introduction to Plant Pathology. John Willey & Sons, New York.

Course Title: Introduction to Economics & Agricultural Economics

Course Code: AGEC-302

Course Credit Hours: 3(3+0)

Prerequisites: None

Definitions and overview of economics, Subject Matter and Scope, Theory of consumer behavior, Preferences, Utility and Law of diminishing marginal utility, Indifference Curve Analysis, Demand curve and the law of demand. Supply curve and the law of supply, Elasticity of Demand and Supply, Marketing Equilibrium, Market Structures.

Definition, scope, nature and importance of Agriculture economics, Agriculture as industry, its peculiarities, and its role in national economy, Organization and structure of the agricultural Sector, Factors of production and their rewards, Production possibility frontier, Production function, Laws of return, and its significance in agriculture, Choice and decision making in agricultural production. Land utilization and land use policy, Land tenure systems and land reforms, Important of agriculture sector in Pakistan Economy. Issues of agriculture sector in Pakistan.

#### Books Recommanded

- Mankiw, N. Gregory. 2003. Principles of Economics (Third Edition). South-Western College Publisher.
- Hill, Berkeley. 1990. Introduction to Economics for Students of Agriculture. Pergamon Press.
- Khuwaja, A. Haleem. 2004. Fundamentals of Economics. Ilmee Kitab Khana, Lahore.
- Samuelson, P.A. and Nordhaus, W.D. 2004. Economics (Eighteenth Edition). McGraw Hill, Inc.
- Cramer, G. Jensen C.W. and Southgate D.D. 2000. Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness. Eighth Edition. Wiley Publisher.
- Penson, J.B. Capp O. and Rossen, C.P. 2001. Introduction to Agricultural Economics. Third Edition, Prentice Hall, New York.
- Azhar, B.A. 1996. Pakistan Agricultural Economics. National Book Foundation, Pakistan.
- Pakistan, Government of Economic Survey 2003-04. Ministry of Finance, Government of Pakistan.

Course Title: Introductory Rural Sociology

Course Code: RS-302

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Rural Sociology: its origin and scope. Rural-Urban Differences Rural Social Values, and Norms. Social Organization. Culture and Personality. Role and Status. Social Control and Deviation. Social Stratification and Social Mobility. Rural Social Institutions. Cooperation, Conflict and Change. Sociological problems in Development. Village Institutions. Accommodation, Assimilation and Acculturation. Leadership in Rural Society.

#### Practical

- Rural village will be visited.
- Data Collection Tool (structured questionnaire) will be designed.
- Data will be collected.
- Data will be fed in statistical computer package.
- Data will be screened for outliers and missing observations.
- Analysis of data and interpretation of results.

#### Recommanded Books

- Chitamber, J.B. “Introductory Rural Sociology”, 2003, 2nd Edition, New Age International (P) Limited Publisher, New Delhi.
- Dalal, B. 2003. Rural Planning in Developing Countries, New Delhi, Earthscan.
- Setty, E. 2002, New Approaches to Rural Development Amal Publications Pvt. Ltd.
- Social Policy and Development Centre. 2000. Social Development in Pakistan, New York, Oxford University Press.
- Shepherd, Andrew (2000) Sustainable Rural Development, Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad.
- Khan, Nowshad (2000) Rural Poverty Alleviation, National Book Foundation, Islamabad
- Sahibzada, MohibulHaq. 1997. Poverty Alleviation. Institute of Policy Studies. Islamabad.
- Chaudhry, Iqbal, 1995. Sociology. Aziz Publication, Lahore.

Course Title: Functional English

Course Code: ENG-302

Course Credit Hours: 2(2+0)

Prerequisites: None

#### Text Books

Course Title: Pakistan Studies

Course Code: PS-302

Course Credit Hours: 2(2+0)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Factors leading to Muslim separatism, People and Land, Indus Civilization, Muslim advent, Location and geo-physical features.

**Government and Politics in Pakistan **

Political and constitutional phases:

**Contemporary Pakistan **

Economic institutions and issues, Society and social structure, Ethnicity, Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges, Futuristic outlook of Pakistan

#### Recommanded Books

- Burki, Shahid Javed. State & Society in Pakistan, The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980.
- Akbar, S. Zaidi. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Course Title: Introduction to Computer

Course Code: STAT-302

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Introduction to I.T, Computer, Parts of computer System, CPU, Memory, Memory measurement, Input output devices, Storage, Hardware, Software, Data & Information, Transforming Data into Information, How computers Process Data, Factors affecting Processing Speed, Machinery cycle, Role of Memory, Microsoft Windows, Versions and Editions, Computer locking problem, Regional languages and settings, File system, Files and directories, Files operation, File types, File permission, Computer Networks, Technical Aspect, Server and client, LAN, VAN, VPAN, Transfer speed, Communication, web browser, Mail reader, Voice over IP Programs Search engines, Internet connections, Computer security, Encryption, Digital signature, Keys expiration, Passwords, Alternative password devices, Viruses, Emails, Attachments, Spam, Navigation, Attacks from outside, Firewall, Backup.

#### Practical

Every student will have to practice on Ms Office 2010 like Exploring Word 2010, Editing and Proofreading Documents, Changing the look of Text, Changing the Look of a Document, Presenting Information in Columns and Tables.

#### Text Books

- Basic computer course book by Dr. Paolo Coletti (Edition 8.0 2105)
- Introduction to Computers by Peter Norton’s
- Introduction I.T. by Lillian Burke and Barbara Weill. Published by Prentice Hall.

#### Second Year 1st Semester

Course Title: Principles of Agronomy

Course Code: AGR-401

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Agronomy definition and scope. Principles of Agronomy. Tillage objectives and types. Use of improved seed, seed multiplication and distribution systems. Nutrient management manures and fertilizers, their classification, composition, methods of application. Irrigation management, methods and scheduling. Water use efficiency. Crop protection. Harvesting postharvest management and marketing. Crop rotations and types. Mono vs multiple cropping. Modern concept in agronomy.

#### Practical

Demonstration and use of tillage implement. Preparatory tillage, seedbed preparation and intercultural operation. Seed purity analysis. Identification of organic and inorganic fertilizers and manures. Calculation of nutrient cum fertilizer unit value. Demonstration and layout of various irrigation methods. Identification of crop pests. Visits to University farms.

#### Text Books

- Abass M.A. 2006. General Agriculture Emporium Urdu Bazar, Lahore.
- Balasubramaniyan. 2004. Principles and Practices of Agronomy. Agrobics. Jodhpur India.
- Khalil, I.A. and A. Jan, 2002. Cropping Technology. National Book Foundation, Islamabad.
- Kirkham, M.B. (Editor) 2004. Water Use in Crop Production. Marosa Publishing House Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, India.
- Martin, J.H. R.P Waldren and D.L. Stamp 2006. Principles of Field Crop Production. 4th Ed. The MacMillan Co; New York.
- Michael, A.M. 1990. Irrigation Theory and practices 2nd Ed. Vikas Pub. House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
- Nazir, M.S. E. Bashir and R. Bantel (Eds.) 1994. Crop Production. Ed. E. Bashir & R. Bantel National Book Foundation, Islamabad.
- Reddy, S.R. 2004. Principles of Crop Production. Layani Publishers, New Delhi.
- Reddy, T.Y and G.H.S. Reddi. 2004. Principles of Agronomy, Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi.
- Zimdahl, R. 2008. Fundamentals of Weed Science. 3rd Edition, Academic Pres, USA.

Course Title: Introduction to Plant Breeding & Genetics

Course Code: PBG-401

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Introduction to plant breeding and its role in crop improvement. Reproductive systems in major crop plants. Genetic variation and its exploitation, creation of variation through genetic recombination, mutation and heteroploidy. Breeding self-pollinated crops: introduction, mass selection, pure line selection; hybridization, pedigree method, bulk method and backcross techniques. Breeding cross-pollinated crops: introduction, mass selection, recurrent selection, development and evaluation of inbred lines, development of hybrids, synthetic and composite populations. New trends in plant breeding.

#### Practical

Descriptive study of floral biology, scientific names, chromosome number and ploidy level of important field crops. Selfing and crossing techniques in major crops. List of approved varieties in major field crops.

#### Text Books

- Sleper, D. A. and J.M. Poehlman. 2006. Breeding Field Crops. (5thed.) Iowa State University Press, Ames, USA.
- Chahal, G.S. and S.S. Gosal. 2003. Principles and Procedures of Plant Breeding. Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi, India.
- Singh, B. D. 2003. Plant Breeding: Principles and Methods. Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi, India.
- Singh, P. 2003. Essentials of Plant Breeding. Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi, India.
- Khan, M.A (Editor). 1994. Plant Breeding. National Book Foundation, Islamabad.
- Acquaah, G. 2009. Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding. John Wiley & Sons, UK.

Course Title: Introduction to Pest Management

Course Code: PPT-401

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Agricultural Pests, Categories and causes for outbreak of pest, losses caused by pests. Pest monitoring, Pest surveillance and forecasting, objectives, survey, sampling techniques, and decision making. Economic Threshold level and Economic injury level. Pest management, objectives, requirements for successful pest management program, component of pest management. Pest control methods, Cultural methods, Physical methods, Mechanical methods, Legal methods, Host plant resistance, Biological control, Bio-control Techniques. Chemical control, Classification of pesticides based on mode of entry and chemical nature. Genetic control, Semiochemicals, Allomones, Kairomones, Synomones, Pheromone in integrated pest management IPM, Principles and Strategies

#### Practical

- Observations on symptoms and types of damage caused by crop pests.
- Assessment of pest population and damage in selected crops.
- Traditional methods of pest control (Cultural, Physical, and Mechanical).
- Practicing the use of Pheromone, (Light traps and Yellow Sticky traps).
- Pesticide formulation and label formulations.
- Pesticide application Technology, Spraying, dusting, Soil application, fumigation.
- Preparation of spray liquids for field application.
- Preparation and application of plant products, viruses, bacteria and fungi.
- Pesticide appliances, types and uses of high volume and low volume sprays and dusters.

#### Text Books

- Dhaliwal, G.S. and E.A. Heinrichs. 1998. Critical issues in pest management, Commonwealth Publishers, New Delhi, 287p.
- Dhaliwal, G.S. and Ramesh Arora. 1998. Principles of Insect Pest Management, Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi, 297 p.
- Dhaliwal, G.S. and B. Singh. 1998. Pesticides, The ecological impact in developing countries, Commonwealth Publishers, New Delhi.
- David, B.V. and M.C. Muralirangan and M.Meera. 1992. Harmful and Beneficial Insect, Popular Book Deport, Madras, 304 p.
- David, B.V. and T. Kumaraswami. 1982. Elements of Economic Entomology. Popular Book Deport, Madras, 536 p.

Course Title: Elementary Statistics

Course Code: STAT-401

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Definition, nature and scope of the Statistics. Variables and their types. Data and its sources of collection, Scales of measurement of data, Organization of data. Tabulation and Classification of data (grouped and ungrouped), Frequency distribution. Graphical Representation of data (Graphs and Charts: Stem-and leaf diagrams). Measures of Central Tendency: Mean (arithmetic, geometric and harmonic), Mode, Median & Quantiles, Box and Whisker plots and their interpretation. Relative merits and demerits of various averages. Measures of Dispersion: Range, Mean Deviation, Variance & Standard Deviation. Their properties, usage, limitations and comparison. Trimmed and Winsorized measures. Moments, Measures of Skewness and Kurtosis and describing a shape of distribution of data. Standardized Variables.

#### Practical

Parts of statistical table, Frequency distribution table, steam and Leaf diagram, Types of Bar Diagram, Pie-chart, Box and Whisker plots, shapes of distributions, calculation of Measures of Central Tendency and dispersion of real data sets.

#### Text Books

- Clark, G. M. and Cooke, D. (2004). “A Basic Course in Statistics.” 5th ed. John Wiley, London.
- Chaudhry, S. M. and Kamal, S. (2008). “Introduction to Statistical Theory Part I & II.” 8th ed. Ilmi Kitab Khana Lahore, Pakistan.
- Mann, P. S. (2010). “Introductory Statistics.” Wiley.
- Mclave, J. T., Benson, P. G. and Snitch, T. (2005). “Statistics for Business & Economics.” 9th ed. Prentice Hall, New Jersey.
- Larry, J. S. (2006). “Schaum’s Outline of Theory and Problems of Beginning Statistics.” 2nd ed. McGraw Hill New York.
- Spiegel, M. R., Schiller, J. L. and Sirinivasan, R. L. (2000). “Probability and Statistics”, 2nd ed. Schaum’s Outlines Series. McGraw Hill. New York.
- Sullivan, M. (2011). “Fundamentals of statistics.” 3rd ed. Prentice Hall, Boston.
- Walpole, R. E., Myers, R. H and Myers, S. L. (1998). “Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientist.” 6th ed. Prentice Hall, New York.
- Weiss, N. A. (1997). “Introductory Statistics.” 4th ed. Addison-Wesley. Company, Inc.

Course Title: Introduction to Agricultural Business Management and WTO

Course Code: AGEC-401

Course Credit Hours: 3(3+0)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Definition, concepts and scope of Agribusiness Management. Important features of Agribusiness. Elements of good management. Functions of management. Forms of business organization. Cooperatives in Agribusiness. Agribusiness financial management. Marketing, Operating and managing human resources in Agribusiness. Input markets in Pakistan. Definition of market and marketing. Role of agri-marketing in economic development. Approaches to understanding agricultural marketing problems. Marketing functions. Marketing institutions. Marketing problems and remedial measures.

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTD). Brief history of General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Formation of the World Trade Organization (WTO); Objectives, basic principles and functions of the WTO. Structure, organization and dispute settlement mechanism of the WTO. Agreements under GATT/WTO. The General mechanism of the WTO. Agreements under GATT/WTO. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)’ Agreement on Agriculture (AoA); and its three pillars; Market Access; Domestic Support; Export competition, Agreement on Trade Related Intellectual. Property Rights (TRIPs). Trade Related Investment Measures (TRIMS).

#### Text Books

- Kohis, R.L. and J.N. Uhi. Marketing of Agricultural Products. Seventh Edition. New York, Max Well. Macmillan. 1990.
- Walters, F.E. Marketing of Agricultural Products. Ministry of Food. 1980. Agriculture and Livestock, Govt. of Pakistan and USAID, Islamabad.
- Terry, G.R. and Frankin. Principles of Management. The Interstate Printers and Publishes. Illincis. 1982.
- World Trade Organization. The legal Texts. The Results of the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations. Cambridge. 1989.
- NUST. WTO and its Impacts on Pakistan’s Agriculture & Trade Institute of Management Sciences, NUSTm Rawalpindi. 2001.
- Hoekman, B.A. Mattoo. P English. Development. Trade and the WTO-A Hand Book. The World Bank Washington. D.C. 2002.
- Downey, W.D. & S.P. Erickson. Agri. Business Management. McGraw Hill Singapore. 1987.
- Web page: www.wto.org.

Course Title: Field Crop Production

Course Code: AGR-402

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Meaning of Development and its Philosophy. Accelerating Agricultural Development. Food Crises: Population Growth and Demand for Food, Economics of Population Growth. Modernization Approach. Social and Cultural Obstacles and Prerequisites to Development. Modes of Production . Sociological Problems of Planned Social Change. Manpower Requirements and Institution Building. Strategy for Research and Extension. Development Economic Framework of Agricultural Modernization. Determinants of Agricultural Development. Review of Rural Development Programs and Policies in Pakistan.

#### Practical

Rural village will be visited.

Data Collection Tool (structured questionnaire) will be designed.

Data will be collected.

Data will be fed in statistical computer package.

Data will be screened for outliers and missing observations.

Analysis of data and interpretation of results.

#### Recommanded Books

- Adams, W.M. (1990). Green development: Environment and Sustainability in the Third World. London: Routeledge.
- Auty, Richard M. (1995). Patterns of Development Resources, Policy and Economic growth. London: Edward Arnold.
- Boas, Morten. (2004). Global Institutions and Development: Framing the World? London: Routledge.
- Booth, David (1994). Rethinking Social Development. Theory, Research and Practice. England: Longman Scientific and Technical.
- Chambers, Robert.( 2005). Ideas for Development. London: Earthscan.
- Ettizioni A.E Ettizioni E.O.E Social Change. New York Basic Book Inc, 1964
- Lapiere R.T Social Change New York, McGraw Hill Book Company 1965
- Moore W.E Social Change. Engle Wood Cliffs, N.J Prantice Hall, Inc, 1974
- Swansen, G.E Social Change. Glenview Iii, Forserman And Company, 1971
- Smith, A,D The Concept Of Social Change (A Critiqu On Functionalist) Theory Of Social Change). London, Rultedge and Kegan Paul, 1973
- Merner, D The Passing Of Traditional Society. New York, The Free Press, 1958.
- Berch, Berberogue, Ed. 1992 : Class, State and Development in India 1, 2, 3 and 4 Chapters. Sage, New Delhi
- Desai A R 1977 Rural Sociology in India, Popular Prakashan, Bombay.
- Mencher J.P., 1983 : Social Anthropology of Peasantry Part III, OUP P.
- Radhakrishnan, 1989 : Peasant Struggles : Land reforms and Social Change in Malabar 1836-1982. Sage Publications : New Delhi.

#### Second Year 2nd Semester

Course Title: Field Crop Production

Course Code: AGR-402

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Objectives

To familiarize the students with production technology of oil seeds, grain legumes, foages and miscellaneous crops.

#### Theory

Production, technology of oilseed crops (toria, raya, sarsoon, canola, taramira, castor bean, sunflower, safflower, sesame, lined, groundnut, soybean); Grain legumes (chickpea, lentil, mungbean, nashbean; crowpea, pigeon pea). Forage crops (Berseem, shafial, luceme, oats, maize, sorghum, millets, motgrass); Miscellaneous crops (potato, sweet potato, tobacco, tea, medicinal crops); Techniques and practices for enhancing crop productivity.

#### Practical

Identification and plant characteristic of crops, cultivars and seeds of the crops; Demonstration of improved sowing methods; Inoculation of legume seeds; Intercultural practices; Weed control practices, Demonstration of harvesting and threshing operations; Visits to University/College research areas.

#### Recommanded Books

- Baldev, B.S. Ramamjan and H.K. Jain. 1988. Pulse Crops. Oxford and IBH Pub. Co., New Delhi.
- Martin, J.H., R.P. Waldren and D.L. Stamp. 2006. Principles of Field Crop Production. 4th edition. The McMillan Co; New York.
- Nazir, M.S., E. Bashir and R. Bantel (Eds.) 1994. Crop Production. National Book Foundation, Islamabad.
- Rahman, A. and M. Munir. 1984. Rapeseed, Mustard Production in Pakistan, PARC, Islamabad.
- Reddy, S.R. 2004. Principles of Crop Production. 2nd Ed. Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi.
- Wolfe, T.K. and M.S. Kipps. 2004. Production of Field Crop: A Text Book of Agronomy, McGraw Hill Book Co; New York.

Course Title: Applied Entomology

Course Code: ENT-402

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

- Acquire knowledge of insect pests of crops, vegetables, fruits, stored grains and household pests.
- Identification of insect pests, their control methods and pesticide application equipments.
- Introduction with entomological cottage industries.
- Enhance the productivity of agricultural crops through insect pest management.

#### Theory

Introduction; causes of success and economic importance of insects; principles and methods of insect control i.e. cultural, biological, physical, mechanical, reproductive, legislative, chemical and bio-technological control; introduction to IPM; insecticides, their classification, formulations and application equipments; dentification,lifehistories,modeofdamageandcontrolofimportantinsect pests of various crops, fruits, vegetables, stored grains, household, termites and locust; introduction to entomological industries: apiculture, sericulture and lac-culture.

#### Practical

Collection, identification and mode of damage of insect pests of various crops, fruits, vegetables, stored grains and household; insecticide formulations, their dilutions and safe handling; use of application equipment, instructions for apiculture, sericulture and lac-culture.

#### Recommanded Books

- Atwal, A.S. 2005. Agricultural Pests of Southeast Asia and their Management. Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana.
- Awastheir, V.B. 2009. Introduction to General and Applied Entomology. Scientific Publisher, Jodhpur, India.
- Duncton, P.A. 2007. The Insect: Beneficial and Harmful Aspects. Kalyani Publishers Ludhiana.
- Gullan, P. J. and Cranstan, P. S. 2010. The Insects: An Outline of Entomology. 4th edition. Wiley-Blackwell. A John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Publication, UK.
- Lohar, M. K. 2001. Applied Entomology, 2nd Ed. Department of Entomology, Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam Sindh, Pakistan.
- Mathews, G.A. 2004. Pesticide Application Methods, 3rd. Ed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. N.Y.
- Pedigo, L.P. and Marlin, E. R. 2009. Entomology and Pest Management, 6th Edition, Person Education Inc., Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458, U.S.A.
- Pfadt, E.R. 1985. FundamentalsofApplied Entomology, 4thEd. The McMillan Co., N. Y.
- Robinson, D.H. 2006. Entomology Principles and Practices. Agro-bios.
- Shah, H.A. and Saleem,M.A. 2002, Applied Entomology, 3rdEd. Izhar Sons Printers, Lahore.

Course Title: Farm Mechanization

Course Code: FPM-402

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

- Farm Mechanization Definition, objects and scope of Farm Mechanization in Pakistan, Feasibility and approach of Mechanization in various ecological zones of Pakistan.
- Farm Power, source of Farm Power, Types of Tractors, Fuel and Lubricants, working safety precautions and driving principles, Basic and operating costs of tractors, trouble shooting.
- Farm Machinery: Materials used in Farm Machinery, Ferrous and non-ferrous metals, machine elements and transmission of power classification, constructions and used of pre-sowing, post sowing, harvesting and transport machines, hitching principles calibration of drills, sprayers and harvesting/threshers of farm Machinery selection and management, requirement of farm machines for different soils, land holdings and crops, field efficiency and cost analysis of using farm machines, post-harvest handling and average of farm products.

#### Practical

Use of tool kit, study of various tractor systems, tractor maintenance and repairs demonstration of farm machinery, calibration of drills, sprayers and thresher/harvesters, assessment of cost of using machines giving on comparative cost benefits analysis in practical farming.

#### Recommanded Books

- Frod R.J. Farm Gas Engines and Tractors, McGraw Hill Book Co.
- Bainer and Kepner, Principles of Farm Machinery, Jhon Willey and Sons.
- Barger Etal. Tractors and Their power Units, Jhon Willey and Sons.
- Bresess and Forst. Farm Power, Jhon Willey and Sons.
- Promers B and Bishp. Modern Farm Power, Principles Hall Inc. N.J. US.A.
- Ricery. Agricultural Hand Book. McGraw Hill Books. Co.
- Stone A. A. Machines for Power Farming, Book Co. New York.
- Stone and Gulvin, Farm Machinery.
- Smith, Farm Machinery and Equipment. McGraw Hill Book Co.

Course Title: Calculus

Course Code: MATH-402

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: Mathematics (Algebra)

#### Specific Objectives of the Course

To prepare the students, not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines.

#### Course Outline

Preliminaries: Real-number line, functions and their graphs solution of equations involving absolute values, inequalities.

Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function, left-hand and right-hand limits, continuity, continuous functions.

Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions differentiation of polynomial, rational and transcendental functions, derivates.

Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals, integration by substitution, integration by parts change of variables in indefinite integrals.

#### Recommanded Books

- Anton, H. Bevens I. Davis S. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition), 2005. John Wiley, New York.
- Stewart J, Calculus (3rd edition), 1995, Brooks/Cole (Suggested text).
- Swokiowski, E.E. Calculus and Analytic Geometry, 1983. PWS-Kent Company, Boston.
- Thomas GB, Finney AR, Calculus (11th edition), 2005. Addison-Wesley, Reading, Ma, USA.

Course Title: Introduction to Probability & Random Variables

Course Code: STAT-402

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Probability Concepts: Addition and Multiplication rules, Laws of probability, joint and marginal probabilities, Conditional probability and independence, Bayes’ theorem. Discrete Random Variables, Probability Distribution function of discrete random variables, Mean and Variance of a discrete random variable, Continuous random variables and their probability density function. Joint distributions and bi-variate distribution functions of random variables, Mathematical expectation of a random variable.

#### Practical

Laws of probability, conditional probability, discrete and continuous random variables, mathematical expectation, marginal and joint probabilities.

#### Recommanded Books

- Cacoullos, T. (2009). “Exercises in Probability.” Springer- Verlag, New York.
- Chaudhry, S. M. and Kamal, S. (2008). “Introduction to Statistical Theory Part I & II.” 8th ed. Ilmi Kitab Khana Lahore, Pakistan.
- Mann, P. S. (2010) Introductory Statistics. Wiley.
- Clark, G.M. and Cooke, D. (1998), “A Basic Course in Statistics” 4th ed, Arnold, London.
- Mclave, J. T., Benson, P. G. and Snitch, T. (2005). “Statistics for Business & Economics.” 9th ed. Prentice Hall, New Jersey.
- Santos, D. (2011). “Probability: An Introduction.” Jones and Bartlett Publishers, New York.
- Spiegel, M. R., Schiller, J. L. and Sirinivasan, R. L. (2000). “Probability and Statistics”, 2nd ed. Schaums Outlines Series. McGraw Hill, New York.
- Walpole, R. E., Myers, R. H. and Myers, S. L. (2007). “Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientist.” 7th ed. Prentice Hall, NY.
- Weiss, N.A. (1997), “Introductory Statistics” 4th ed. Addison-Wesley Company, Inc.

Course Title: Introduction to Extension Teaching Methods

Course Code: AEE-402

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Extension as an educational process: types of education; Extension teaching methods; Individual, Group, Mass teaching methods; Demonstration: Role and types of demonstration; Adoption and diffusion process: Adoption, Diffusion, Adopter Categories; types of innovation decision innovation development and diffusion process; Communication: Meaning, definition, purposes, process, principles, forms and SMCR model; Audio-Aids: Introduction, importance, classification and uses. Electronic and print media.

#### Practical

Preparation of Teaching Material for farmers group on various topics such as charts, graphs, posters, flannel graphs, leaflets, posters, slides, transparencies etc; Presentation of the AV materials; field trips to various organization involved in dissemination of technology.

#### Recommanded Books

- E. Bashir (Ed.) Extension Methods: National Book Foundation, Islamabad.
- FAO Manual, Improving Agricultural Extension in Developing Countries, FAO, Rome.

Course Title: Writing Skills

Course Code: ENG-402

Course Credit Hours: 2(2+0)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

- Technical writing
- Rules of Paragraph and Essay
- V. Writing
- Application Writing
- Formal and Informal Letter Writing
- Phonetics; Use of Phonemes and Sounds of Words
- Idioms and Pro-verbs
- Dictionary Skills
- Précis Writing

#### Recommanded Books

- The lighthouse by Muttahir Ahmed Khan
- Exploring the World of English by Sadad Ali Shah
- Technical Writing Made Easier by Bernard Spuida
- Oxford Practice Grammar by John East Wood
- English for Undergraduate by D. H. Lowe

#### Third Year 1st Semester

Course Title: Probability Distributions – I

Course Code: STAT-501

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Mathematical expectation and its properties Conditional expectation, variance and moments, Probability generating function, Moment generating and characteristic functions and their properties, Relation between moments and cummulants, Probability distributions: Bernoulli trails, Binomial, Hypergeometric, Poisson, Negative Binomial, Geometric, Multinomial distribution along with their properties and applications. Normal approximation to binomial & Poisson distribution, Normal distribution with moments and cummulants, Standard Normal Curve.

#### Practical

Probability generating function, moment generating and characteristic function, moments and cumulants, discrete probabilitt distributions, normal and standard normal distribution.

#### Recommanded Books

- Fridett, B. & Gray, L. (1997). “A Modern Approach to ProbabilityTheory” Birkhallser, Boston.
- Freund, J. E. (1997). “Mathematical Statistics”, Prentice Hall, New Jersey 6th edition.
- Hirai, A.S. (2002), “A Course in Mathematical Statistics”, Ilmi Kutab Khana, Lahore.
- Hogg, R .M. and Craig, A. T. (1995), “Introduction to Mathematical Statistics”. Prentice Hall, Engle wood Cliffs, New Jersey.
- Khan, M. K. (1996). “Probability with Applications”, Maktiba Ilmi, Lahore.
- Mood, A. M., Graybill, F. A., and Boes, D. C. (1997), “Introduction to the Theory of Statistics”, McGraw Hill, New York.
- Samuel Kotz , N. Balakrishnan, Norman L. Johnson (2000). “Continuous Multivariate Distributions, Volume 1, Models and Applications.” 2nd Edition, Wiley-Inter Science, New York.
- Sheldon Ross (2009). “First Course in Probability.” 8th ed. Pearson.
- Stirzaker, D. (1999). “Probability and Random Variables”. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
- Stuart, A. and Ord, J. K. Kendall’s (1998). “Advanced Theory of Statistics.” Vol. I, Charles Griffin, London.

Course Title: Linear Algebra

Course Code: STAT-503

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

MATRIX ALGEBRA: Definition, addition, multiplication, inverse, symmetric, singular, idempotent, diagonal, trace, rank, order, cofactors, and determinants. Pivotal method of finding inverse, Characteristic equations, Eigen values, Eigen vectors, Quadratic forms, positive definite matrices, Matrix operations and results-inverse product, etc, solution of equations by matrix method, linear independence, relations to rank, sets of equations with finite solutions, generalized inverse, numerical methods for finding a generalized inverse., use of generalized inverse in solving set of equations, Differentiation of vectors and matrices, and Kronecker products.

#### Practical

Problems based on mathematical operations with matrices, Rules for calculating the multiplication and inverse of a matrix, how to deal with rank deficient matrices. differentiation of matrices and vectors, kronecker product.

#### Recommanded Books

- Graybill, F. A. (1969). “Introduction to matrices wirh Applications in Statistics”. Vol. I, McGraw-Hill, New York.
- Strang, G. (2009). “Introduction to Linear Algebra”. 4th ed. Cambridge Press, Wellesley.
- Strang, G. (2009). “Linear Algebra and Its Applications”. 3rd ed. Thomson Learning, Inc. Australia.

Course Title: Statistical Inference – I

Course Code: STAT-505

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Basic Idea of Inferential Statistics. Estimation: Point Estimation. Desirable Properties of a Good Estimator, Interval Estimation, Interval Estimation of population mean. Large and small sample confidence intervals for Population Mean. Nature of Hypothesis Testing and Types of errors, Hypothesis Testing for Population Mean and variance. Inferences for Two Population Means, Large-sample inferences for Two Populations using Independent Samples, Inferences for the Mean of Two Normal Populations using Independent Samples (variances are assumed Equal/Not Equal). Inference for Two Populations Mean using Paired Samples. Inferences for Population Proportions, Confidence Intervals and hypothesis testing for Population Proportion, Inferences for Two Populations Proportions using Independent Samples, Estimation of sample size.

#### Practical

Properties of a good point estimator, difference between point and interval estimates. Problems based on hypothesis testing. Calculation of sample size for different fields of study.

#### Recommanded Books

- Chaudhry, S.M. and Kamal, S. (2008), “Introduction to Statistical Theory” Part I, II, 8th ed, Ilmi Kitab Khana, Lahore, Pakistan.
- Clark, G.M. and Cooke, D. (1998), “A Basic Course in Statistics” 4th ed, Arnold, London.
- Spiegel, M.R., Schiller, J.L. and Sirinivasan, R.L. (2000) “Probability and Statistics”, 2nd ed. Schaums Outlines Series. McGraw-Hill. NY.
- Walpole, R.E., Myers, R.H. and Myers, S.L. (2007), “Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientist” 7th edition, Prentice Hall, NY.
- Weiss, N.A. (1997), “Introductory Statistics” 4th ed. Addison-Wesley Pub. Company, Inc.

Course Title: Index Number and Time Series Analysis

Course Code: STAT-507

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Introduction to Index Numbers: Problems involve in the Construction of Index Number. Un-weighted and Weighted Index Numbers. Quantity Index Number, Tests for Index Number Formulae, Consumer Price Index Number. Time series analysis: concepts, Stochastic Process, Stationary Time- Series, Exponential smoothing techniques, auto-correlation and auto- covariance, estimation of auto-correlation function (ACF) and Partial autocorrelation function (PACF) and standard errors, Periodogram, spectral density functions, comparison with ACF, Linear stationary models: Auto Regressive Moving Average (ARMA) and mixed models, Non- stationary models, general ARIMA notation and models, minimum mean square forecasting. ARIMA Seasonal Models.

#### Practical

Problem based on construction of index number, stationary and non-stationary time series, exponential smoothing techniques, ACF and PACF of different time series, difference between ARMA and ARIMA model.

#### Recommanded Books

- Chaudhry, S.M. and Kamal, S. (2008), “Introduction to Statistical Theory” Part I, II, 8th ed, Ilmi Kitab Khana, Lahore, Pakistan.
- Box, G.E.P. and Jenkins, G.M., and Reinsel G. C. (2008) Time Series Analysis: Forecasting and Control, San Francisco.
- Brockwell P.J. and Davis R.A. (1991). Time Series Theory and Methods, Springer Verlag New York.
- Chatfield, C. (1996). The Analysis of Time Series: An Introduction, Chapman and Hall, London.
- Chatfield C. (2003): The Analysis of Time Series: An Introduction, Taylor & Francis, NY, USA.
- Jonathan D. C. and Kung-Sik C. (2008): Time Series Analysis with Applications in R, Springer, USA.
- Hamilton J. D. (1994): Time Series Analysis, Princeton University Press, UK.
- Harvey, A.C. (1990). Forecasting Structural Time Series Models and the Calamander, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
- Peter J. B and Richard A. D (2002): Introduction to Time Series and Forecasting, Second Edition, Springer, USA.
- Priestley, M.B. (1981) Spectral Analysis and Time Series, Academic Press, London.

Course Title: Statistical Packages

Course Code: STAT-509

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Introduction to Minitab, data manipulation in Minitab, graphical representation in Minitab, Qualitative and Quantitative data presentation and analyzing data in Minitab, Programming in Minitab.

Introduction of SPSS, data manipulation in SPSS, simple arithmetic in SPSS, SPSS function related to probability distributions, SPSS modules, simple graphing in SPSS.

#### Practical

Real world data analysis using SPSS, Minitab.

#### Recommanded Books

- Colin D. Gray and Paul R. Kinnear, IBM SPSS statistics 19 made simple. Publisher: New York: Psychology Press, 2012.
- Kerr A. W., Hall, H. K., and Kozub, S. A. (2002) Doing Statistics with SPSS. Sage Publications.
- SPSS (2010) SPSS Statistics 19 Core System User’s Guide.
- Marques de Sá, Joaquim P.( 2003) Applied Statistics using SPSS, STATISTICA and MATLAB.
- Norusis, Marija (2006) SPSS 14.0 Guide to Data Analysis, Prentice Hall, New Jersey.
- Ryan, Barbara F.; Joiner, Brian L. and Cryer, Jonathan D.(2005) MINITAB Handbook, 5th Edition, Duxbury Press, California.
- Susan A. Nolan and Thomas E. Heinzen. Study Guide & SPSS Manual to accompany statistics for the behavioral sciences Edition: 2nd ed. Publisher: New York : Worth Publishers, 2012

Course Title: Principles of Statistics

Course Code: STAT-511

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

**Probability: **Elementary Concept of Probability, Sample Space and Events, Addition and Multiplication Theorems, Conditional Probability, Independent and dependent events, Concept of a random variable and its Expectation.

**Some Standard Probability Distributions: **Concept and Properties of Binomial, Poisson, and Normal Distributions, Fitting of these distributions to the observed data.

**Regression & Correlation: **General linear regression model and its assumptions. Least square estimators, maximum likelihood estimators, Test of significance for regression model and regression parameters. Confidence interval for regression parameters.

**Estimation: **Estimator and estimates. Point and Interval estimates. Properties of good point estimators: Unbiasedness, Consistency, Sufficiency and efficiency.

**Tests of Hypothesis and Significance: **Null and alternate hypothesis. Simple and composite hypothesis. Rejection and Acceptance regions, level of significance, Type-I and Type-II errors. One-tailed and two-tailed tests. Construction and Interpretation of Confidence Intervals. Tests involve Normal, Chi-Square, Student’s t and Snedecor’s F-distributions.

#### Practical

Concepts of probability, Regression and Correlation, problems based on estimation, test of hypothesis and significance.

#### Recommanded Books

- Chaudhry, S. M. and Kamal, S. (2008). “Introduction to Statistical Theory Part I & II.” 8th ed. Ilmi Kitab Khana Lahore, Pakistan.
- Hoel, P. G. (1966). “Elementary Statistics.” 2nd ed. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
- Walpole, R. E. (1990). “Introduction to Statistics.” 3rd ed. McMillan Publishing Co. Inc. New York.

#### Third Year 2nd Semester

Course Title: Regression Analysis

Course Code: STAT-502

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

General linear model and its assumptions, Least squares estimators, Maximum Likelihood Estimator, tests of significance for regression model and regression parameters. Confidence intervals for regression parameters, Test of linearity of regression, Use of extraneous information in linear regression model. Residual analysis, Detection and study of outliers, Polynomial regression, orthogonal polynomial, orthogonal regression analysis, Specification of models.

#### Practical

Properties of estimates from different methods: OLS, MLE and MoM. Detection and removal of outliers.

#### Recommanded Books

- Baltagi, B. H. (1999). “Econometrics”, 2nd Edition, Springer Varlog.
- Johnston, J. and Di. Nardo, J., (1997). “Econometric Method”, 4th Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York.
- Maddela, G.S. (1977). “Econometrics”, McGraw Hill. New York.
- Searle, S. R. (1971), “Linear Models”, John Wiley, New York.
- Yan, X. and Zu, X. G. (2009) Linear Regression Analysis: Theory & Computing. World Scientific Publications.
- Wonnacott, T.H. and Wonnacott R.J. (1998). “Econometrics”, John and Wiley Sons, New -York.

Course Title: Probability Distributions – II

Course Code: STAT-504

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Uniform, Lognormal, Exponential, Gamma, Laplace, Rayleigh, Weibell with moments and cummulants; Distributions of functions of random variables: Chi-square, t and F distributions, their derivations and properties. Central limit and Chebyshev’s theorems and other inequalities, Weak and Strong Laws of large numbers and their applications, Order statistics, Distributions of rth and sth order statistics, Bivariate Normal distribution.

#### Practical

Problems based on different continuous distribution, applications of central limit theorem, weak and strong laws of large numbers.

#### Recommanded Books

- Dekking, F. M., Kraaikamp, C., and Lopuhaae, H. P., and Meester, L. E. (2005). “A Modern Introduction to Probability and Statistics.”. Springer.
- Fridett, B. & Gray, L. (1997). “A Modern Approach to Probability Theory.” Birkhallser, Boston.
- Freund, J. E. (1997). “Mathematical Statistics”, Prentice Hall, New Jersey.
- Haq, M. (1984). “Foundation of Probability and Statistics”, Tahir sons, Urdu Bazar, Karachi.
- Hirai, A. S. (1998), “A Course in Mathematical Statistics”, Ilmi Kitab Khana, Lahore.
- Hogg, R.M. and Craig, A.T. (1995), “Introduction to Mathematical Statistics”. Prentice Hall, Engle wood Cliffs, New Jersey.
- Khan, M. K., (1996). “Probability with Applications”, Maktiba Ilmi, Lahore.
- Mood, A. M, Graybill, F.A. and Boss, D.C. (1997), “Introduction to the Theory of Statistics”, McGraw-Hill, New York.
- Stirzaker, D. (1999). “Probability and Random Variables”. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
- Stuart, A. and Ord, J. K. Kendall’s (1998), “Advanced Theory of Statistics”, Vol. I, Charles Griffin, London.

Course Title: Sampling Techniques – I

Course Code: STAT-506

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Advantages of sampling, requirements of a good sample, bias, sampling and non-sampling errors, Steps and problems involved in planning and conduct of census and their sources, sample surveys, Selection and estimation procedures. Description and properties of simple random sampling, Sampling for proportions and percentages, Estimation of variances, standard errors and confidence limits, Sample size determination under different conditions, Description and properties of stratified random sampling, Formation of strata, Different methods of allocation of sample size, Systematic sampling, Ratio and regression estimates in simple and stratified random sampling.

#### Practical

Sampling procedures and techniques in real world situation, sample size selection, different methods for allocation of sample sizes.

#### Recommanded Books

- Bethelem, J. (2009) Applied Survey Methods: A Statistical Perspective. Willey.
- Chambers, R. L., and Skimmer, C. J. (2003) Analysis of Survey Data. Wiley.
- Chaudhary, A., and Stemger, H. (2005), Survey sampling theory and methods. Chapman & Hall.
- Cochran, W.G. (1977), “Sampling Techniques”, 3rd ed, John Wiley and Sons, New York.
- Ferguson, T.S. (1996), “A Course in large Sample theory, Chapman & Hall, London.
- Kish, L. (1992). “Survey Sampling”, John Wiley, New York.
- Paduri S. R. S. Rao (2000) Sampling Methodologies with Applications, Chapman & Hall.
- Raj, D. (1971) “Design of Sample Survey”. McGraw Hill, New York.
- Raj, D. & Chandhok, P. (1998), “Sample Survey Theory”. Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi.
- Singh, R. and Singh N, (1996), “Elements of Survey Sampling”, Kulwar Academic Publisher, Dodrecht.
- Sukhatme, P.V, Sukhatme, B., Sukhatme, S., and Asok, A. (1985), “Sampling Theory of Survey with Application”. Iowa State University Press.

Course Title: Econometrics

Course Code: STAT-508

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Introduction to econometrics, Problems of autocorrelation, multicollinearity, heteroscedasticity and their solution; Ridge regression, Lagged variables, Dummy variables, Errors in Variables, Instrumental variables, System of simultaneous linear equations, Identification-Estimation method, indirect and two-stage least squares methods, restricted least squares. Test of identifying restrictions; Estimation with stochastic regressor, generalized least squares estimators.

#### Practical

Detection of autocorrlation and multicollinearity, heteroscadasticity,indirect and two-stage least square methods, generalized least square method.

#### Recommanded Books

- Baltagi, B. H. (1999). “Econometrics”, 2nd Edition, Springer Varlog.
- Draper, N.R. and Smith, H. (2004). “Applied Regression Analysis”, John Wiley, New York.
- Gujrati, D. (2004). “Basic Econometrics”, John Wiley, New York.
- Guttmann, I. (1980); “Linear Models: An Introduction”, John Wiley, New York.
- Johnston, J. and Di. Nardo, J., (1997). “Econometric Method”, 4th Edition, McGraw Hill, New York.
- Koutsoyiannis, A. (1980), “Theory of Econometrics”, Macmillan.
- Montgomery, D.C., and Peck E.A. (1992). “Introduction to Linear Regression Analysis” , 2nd Edition. John Wiley and sons Inc. New York.
- Wonnacot, T.H. and Wonnacot R.J. (1998). “Econometrics”, John Wiley, New York

Course Title: Statistical Methods for Social Sciences

Course Code: STAT-512

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Development of Social surveys; nature of Scientific Social study and its Relation to Social Practice, Social Survey and Social Research. Basic Principles in Social Research; Scientific attitude and the plan of the study, Use of Historical Data in Social Research. Methods of Field Observations, Questionnaire and Interview as Aids in Field Exploration. Use of Case Data in Social Research, Data Description and Summarization; Measure of Relationship, Measurement, Reliability and Validity, Objective Tests and Scales, Projective Methods and Content Analysis, Observation of Behavior and Stoichiometry, Q Methodology, Processing Research Data and Report Writing.

#### Practical

How to conduct a social survey, basic principles of social survey, questionnaire development and its pre-testing, tests of reliability and validity.

#### Recommanded Books

- Hanneman, R.A., (2013), Basic Statisticsfor Social Research, John Wiley and Sons Inc.
- Levin, R. I., Rubin, D.S., Rastogi, S., and Siddiqui, M. H., (2013), Statistics/or Management, Pearson.
- Levine, D. M., Krehbiel, T.C, Berenson M. L., Render, B., Stair, R.M., and Hanna, M.E. (2010), Quantitative Techniques for Management, Pearson.
- John, J.A, Whitaker, D., and Johnson, D. G., (2006), Statistical Thinking in Business, Taylor and Francis Group.
- Ronald R. Gauch, (2002), Statistical Methods/or Research Made Very Simple, OUP.
- Field Andy, 2000, Discovering Statistics Using SPSS/or Windows, London: Sage publications.
- Hinton, Perry R., 1995, Statistics Explained, New York: Routledge.

#### Forth Year 1st Semester

Course Title: Design and Analysis of Experiments – I

Course Code: STAT-601

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Principles of Design of Experiments. Analysis of variance and its assumptions, Cochran Theorem, Fixed, Random and Mixed effect models. Completely Randomized, Randomized Complete Block, Latin square. Graeco-Latin square and cross-over designs. Missing observations, Relative efficiency of designs. Estimation of mean squares and their expectations, Multiple Comparisons. Analysis of covariance in CR, RCB designs, Estimation of missing values in analysis of covariance. Effects of violation of assumptions and transformations.

#### Practical

Problems based on CRD, RCBD and Latin Square designs.

#### Recommanded Books

- Boniface, D. R. (1995). “Experiment Design & Statistical Methods”, Chapman & Hall.
- Cochran, W. G. and Cox, G. M. (1992). “Experimental Design”, John Wiley, New York.
- Clarke, G.M., and Kempton, R.E. (1997), “Introduction to the Design & Analysis of Experiments”, Edward Arnold.
- Das, M.N. and Geri, N.C, (1986). “Design and Analysis of Experiments”, John Wiley, New York.
- Harold, R. L (1992). “Analysis of Variance in Experimental Design”. Springer Verlage.
- Hicks, C.R. (1982). “Fundamental Concepts in Design and Analysis of Experiments” Saunders
- Hunter, B. and Hunter, W. G. (2005) Statistics for Experimenters: Design, Innovation and Discovery. Wiley.
- Maxwell, S.E. and Delaney, H.D. (1990). “Designing Experiments and Analysis of Data”. A model comparison perspective. Belment and Wadeson.
- Mead, R. (1988). “The Design of Experiments”. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
- Montgomery, D. C.,Design and analysis of experiments, Edition: 7th ed. Publisher: New Jersey : John Wiley, 2009.
- Myers, R.H. and Montgomery, D.C. (1995). “Response Surface Methodology; Process & Product Optimization Using Design”, John Wiley.
- Steel, Robert, G. D., Terrie James H., and Dickey David A. (1997). “Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach” 3rd Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York.

Course Title: Sampling Techniques-II

Course Code: STAT-603

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Cluster sampling, Sub Sampling, PPS-Sampling, Double Sampling, Multistage and Multiphase Sampling, Thomson Hurwitz estimator. Comparison of different sample designs. Sampling and non-sampling errors and their sources. Nonresponse, their sources and bias. Randomized response. Critical study of National sample surveys conducted in Pakistan. Census of Agriculture, Household Income and Expenditure Surveys (HIES). Pakistan Demographic Survey (PDS) and National Population ans Housing Census and Surveys (NPHCS).

#### Practical

Practical’s of this course shall include visits of the students to various national statistical organizations and a report submitted to this effect.

#### Recommanded Books

- Des Raj & Chandhok, P. (1998). “Sample Survey Theory.” Narosa Publishing House, New Dehli.
- Ferguson, T. S. (1996). “A Course in Large Sample Theory.” Chapman & Hall, London.
- Singh, R. and Singh, N. (1996). “Elements of Survey Sampling.” Kulwar, Dodrecht.
- Kish, L. (1992). “Survey Sampling.” John Wiley and Sons, New York.
- Sukhatme, P. V., Sukhatme, B., Sukhatme, S., and Asok, A. (1985). “Sampling Theory of Survey with Application.” Iowa State University Press.
- Cochran, W. G. (1977). “Sampling Techniques.” 3rd ed. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
- Des Raj, (1971). “Design of Sampling Survey.” McGraw Hill, New York.
- Various publications of FBS, ACO,and PCO.

Course Title: Categorical Data Analysis

Course Code: STAT-605

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

A brief history of categorical data analysis, Principles of likelihood-based inference, Sampling distributions for contingency tables, Measures of association for 2×2 tables, Testing independence in contingency tables, Exact inference for two-way tables, Inferences for three-way tables. Introduction to generalized linear models, Logistic regression, Model building, Alternative link functions for binary outcome, Diagnostics, Exact methods and conditional logistic regression, Methods for analyzing matched case-control data, Multinomial response models for nominal data, Multinomial response models for ordinal data. Poisson regression model, Poisson regression for rates, Log linear models for contingency tables.

#### Practical

Problems based on categorical data, how to construct contingency tables, applications of test of independence in contingency tables, log linear models and their applications in real world situation.

#### Recommanded Books

- Agresti, A. (2012). “Categorical Data Analysis.” 3rd ed. John & Wiley Sons, New York.
- Agresti, A. (2007). “An Introduction to Categorical Data Analysis.” 2nd ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
- Chap, T. Le. (1998). “Applied Categorical Data Analysis.” John & Wiley Sons, New York.
- Collett, D. (2003). “Modeling Binary Data.” Champman and Hall CRC, London.
- Hosmer D. W. and Lemeshow, S. (2004). “Applied Logistic Regression.” John Wiley & Sons.
- Lloyd, C. J. (1999). “Statistical Analysis of Categorical Data.” John and Wiley Sons, New York.
- Powers, D. A. and Yu Xie (2008). “Statistical Methods for Categorical data analysis.” 2nd ed. Emerald Group publishing.
- Ronald, C. (1997). “ Log-linear models and logistic regression.” 2nd ed. Springer.
- Simonoff, J. S. (2003). “Analyzing Categorical Data.” Springer.

Course Title: Linear Models

Course Code: STAT-607

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Generalized Inverse Matrices. Distributions and Quadratic forms, Full rank model. Regression on dummy variables. Rank deficient model. Nested and Cross Classification Models. Methods of estimating variance components form unbalanced data.

#### Practical

Full rank and rank deficient models, nested models, regression with dummy variables.

#### Recommanded Books

- John, F. M. (2008). “A Primier on Linear Models”, Chapman and Hall / CRC. Taylor and Francis Group.
- Annette, J. D. and Adrian, G. B. (2008). “An Introduction to Generalized Linear Models”. 3rd ed. Chapman and Hall / CRC. Taylor and Francis Group.
- Edward E. Gbur, Walter W. Stroup, Kevin S. McCarter, Susan Durham, Linda J. Young, Mary Christman, Mark West, Matthew Kramer. (2012). “Analysis of Generalized Linear Mixed Models in the Agricultural and Natural Resources Sciences”. American Society of Agriculture.
- Erik W Grafarend; Joseph L Awange. (2012). “Applications of linear and nonlinear models : fixed effects, random effects, and total least squares”. Springer geophysics, Springer.
- Michael H Kutner, Christopher J. Nachtsheim, John Neter, William Li.(2005). “Applied Linear Statistical Models”. McGraw-Hill Irwin

Course Title: Statistical Methods- II

Course Code: STAT-611

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

**Sampling and Sampling Distributions: **
Sample versus census. Advantages of Sampling. Principle steps in the planning of sample surveys. Probability and non-probability sampling. Sampling and non-sampling errors. Bias precision in sampling. Random sampling and use of random number tables. Basic concepts of different sampling design, standard errors. Sampling distribution of the mean and differences between two means, proportions and difference between two proportions. Central limit theorem.

**Design and Analysis of Experiments: **
Field plot techniques, Basic Principles of Experimental Designs. Layout and analysis of Completely Randomized, Randomized Complete Block and Latin Square experiments.

#### Practical

Difference between sample and population, how to plan sample surveys using different designs of experiments such as CRD, RCBD and Latin Square.

#### Recommanded Books

- Chaudhry, S.M. and Kamal, S. (2008), “Introduction to Statistical Theory” Part I, II, 8th ed, Ilmi Kitab Khana, Lahore, Pakistan.
- Steel, R.G.D. and Torrie, J.H. (1960). “Principles and Procedures of Statistics.” McGraw Hill Company, New York.
- LeCreg, E.L., and Leonard, H.H., Clarke, G.S. (1962). “Field Plot Techniques.” Burges Publishing Company, Minnesota.
- Barnet, V. (1976). “Elements of Sampling Theory.” The English University Press Ltd.
- Snedecor, G.W. and Cochron, W.G. (1997). “Statistical Methods.” Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa.

#### Forth Year 2nd Semester

Course Title: Design and Analysis of Experiments – II

Course Code: STAT-602

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Factorial Experiments: 2k, 3k series and mixed level factorial experiments and their analyses. Confounding in factorial experiments, Complete and partial confounding, Confounding in Fractional replications. Split-plot, split-split plot, strip plot and nested designs. Missing observations in Split plot design. Response surface designs. Incomplete block designs: BIBD – Lattice designs, lattice square and Youden squares, PBIBD with recovery of intra-block information.

#### Practical

Applications of factorial experiments in real world, analysis of missing observations, applications or response surface and lattice deigns.

#### Recommanded Books

- Boniface, D. R. (1995). Experimental Design & Statistical Methods, Chapman & Hall.
- Clarke, G. M. (1994). “Statistics & Experimental Design”. Edward Arnold.
- Clarke, G. M., and Kempton, R.E. (1997), “Introduction to the Design & Analysis of Experiments”, Edward Arnold.
- Gomez, K. A., and Gomez, A. A. (1984). “Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research”, 2nd Edition, John Wiley, New York.
- Giesbrecht, F. G., Gompertz, M. L. (2004) Planning, Construction, and Statistical Analysis of Comparative Experiments. Wiley.
- Harold, R. L (1992). “Analysis of Variance in Experimental Design”. Springer Verlag.
- Hicks, C.R. (1982). “Fundamental Concepts in Design and Analysis of Experiments”; Saunders.
- Mead, R., Gilmour, S., and Mead, A. (1990) Statistical Principles for the design of experiments: Applications to real experiments. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
- Montgomery, D.C. (2000). “Design and Analysis of Experiments”, John Wiley, New York.
- Myers, R. H. and Montgomery, D. C. (1995). “Response Surface Methodology; Process & Product Optimization Using Design”, John Wiley.
- Steel, G. D., Terrie, and Dickey A. (1997). “Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach” 3rd Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York.

Course Title: Statistical Quality Control

Course Code: STAT-604

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Concept of quality control and Quality assurance, Total Quality Management (TQM) Statistical Methods in Quality Improvement, Statistical Process Control (SPC), Statistical Quality Control (SQC), Shewhart control charts: philosophy, construction, advantages. CUSUM and moving average control charts: Average Run Length (ARL); Fast Initial Response (FIR). ARL and FIR for control charts. Process capability analysis: Process improvements using design of experiments. Acceptance sampling for attributes and variables, Acceptance sampling plans: Single, double, and multiple sampling plans with their O.C. curves, Military Standard 501 Sampling Plans. Introduction to ISO- 9000 and ISO-14000 series.

#### Practical

Tests for quality control and quality assurance, interpretation of quality control charts, concept of ISO certification.

#### Recommanded Books

- Banks, J. (1989). “Principles of Quality Control”. John Wiley, New York.
- Feigenbaum, A.V. (1986). “Total Quality Control”. McGraw-Hill, NewYork.
- Juran, J.M. and Guyana, F.K. (1988). “Juan’s Quality Control Handbook”. McGraw Hill New York.
- Miltag H. J. and Rinne H. (1993). “Statistical Methods of Quality Assurance”, Chapman & Hall, London.
- Montgomery, D.C. (2013). “Introduction to Statistical Quality Control”. McGraw Hill, New York.
- Nelson, W. (1990). “Accelerated Testing”. John Wiley, New York.
- Ryan, T.P. (1989). “Statistical Methods for Quality Improvement”. John Wiley, New York.

Course Title: Biometry and Medical Statistics

Course Code: STAT-606

Course Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Definition of Biostatistics, type of variables and observations in biological, health and medical sciences, Uniqueness in Semesters of behavior of variables their domain, and units; Categorical, numerical and censored data. Populations, Target populations and sampled Population: Role of sampling in biostatistics, Size of samples of various types of studies, Proportions, rates and ratios; incidence, prevalence and odds. Distributional behavior of biological variables (Binomial, Poisson and Normal), Role of transformation for analysis of biological variables, Probit and Logit transformations and their analysis, p values, its importance and role, Confidence Interval in simple and composite hypothesis testing.

#### Practical

Behavior of Biological variables and data, determination of sample sizes in clinical studies with special reference to cross-sectional, cohort, and case studies.

#### Recommanded Books

- Sokal, R.P. and Rohlf, R.J. (1969). “Biometry: The Principles and Practices of Statistics in Biological Research.”W.H.Freemen and Company, San Francisco.
- Zar, J. H. (2013). “Biostatistical Analysis.” 5th ed. Pearson Publishing Company, USA.
- Pandy, M. (2015). “Biostatistics: Basic and Advanced.” MV Learning, London.
- Daniel, W.W. (2010). “Biostatistics: A Foundation for the Health Sciences”, 6th Edition, John Wiley, New York.
- Diggle, J. P., Liang, Kung-Yee and Zeger, S. L. (1996). “Analysis of Longitudinal Data”, Clarendon Press, Oxford.
- Dunn, G. and Everit, B. (1995). “Clinical Biostatistics”, Edward Arnold, London.
- Hanif M., Munir A. and Aftab M. A. (2006): Biostatistics for Health Students with Manual on Software Applications, ISOSS Publication.
- Harris, E. K. and Albert, A. (1991). “Survivorship Analysis for Clinical Studies”. Marcel Decker, New York.
- Lawless, J. F. (1982). Statistical Models and Methods for Life Time Data. John Wiley, New York.
- Lee, E.T. (1992). “Statistical Methods for Survival Data Analysis”, 2nd Edition, John Wiley, New York.
- Rosner, B. (2006). “Fundamentals of Biostatistics”, Duxbury Press.
- Shoukri, M. M. & Pause, C. A. (1999). “Statistical Methods for Health Sciences”. 2nd Edition, CRC Press, Florida.
- Zolman, J.F. (1993). “Biostatistics: Experimental Design and Statistical Inference”, Oxford University Press, New York.

Course Title: Internship and Report Writing

Course Code: STAT-610

Course Credit Hours: 4(0+4)

Prerequisites: None

#### Theory

Students will be required to undertake internship at various agricultural research organizations, private companies, extension/adaptive/private farms.

Collection, analysis, and interpretation of data.

Upon completion of internship / research project, students are required to submit a report and give presentation of internship/research experiment.

#### Recommanded Books

- Andrew, C. O. and Hildebrand, P. E. (1993). “Applied Agriculture Research: Foundations and Methodology.” Western Press.
- Hasmi, N. (1989). “Style Mannual of Technical Writtings.” USAID/NARC, Islamabad.
- Gimbaled, J. and Acuter, W. S. (1988). “MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers.” The Modern Language Association of America.
- Little, T. M. and Hills, F. J. (1978). “Agricultural Experimentation.” John Wiley and Sons, New York.
- Khalil, S.K. and P. Shah. 2007. Scientific Writing and Presentation. Higher Education Commission, Islamabad, Pakistan.